Children

Newly developed risk scores synthesize genetic information into an easy-to-interpret metric that could help clinicians identify young children most at risk of developing obesity. The study, led by researchers at Penn State, used novel statistical methods to establish scoring criteria using data collected from young children. The research also demonstrates that robust results are attainable
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Children conceived through medically assisted reproduction are more likely to be born premature and are at greater risk of being born small than naturally conceived babies, according to new research published today by the UCL Centre for Longitudinal Studies in collaboration with the University of Utah. However, the study of almost 250,000 U.S. families finds
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A research paper recently published in the journal Health Sciences Review shows how high vaccine availability and low population vaccination hesitancy were two pivotal factors for the successful control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Malta, Europe. Study: The fastest national COVID vaccination in Europe – Malta’s strategies. Image Credit: MyNewImages / Shutterstock Since the start
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Women vaccinated against COVID-19 transfer SARS-CoV-2 antibodies to their breastfed infants, potentially giving their babies passive immunity against the coronavirus, according to University of Massachusetts Amherst research. The study, published in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, measured the immune response to the COVID-19 mRNA vaccine in both breast milk and the stools of breastfed infants.
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The report, published in the journal Developmental Psychology, details how researchers from the University of Surrey studied 240 primary school students aged 7 – 11 years across a period of 11 weeks. Self-regulation describes an individuals’ ability to manage and alter their emotions, behavior and cognition. Good self-regulation is associated with positive mental health benefits
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At least 2% of the total global population have been infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2) at some point during the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and more than 200 million infants were born since the onset of the pandemic. Millions of in-utero exposures to maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection are therefore likely.
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A recent editorial in the journal Nutrients emphasizes how efficacious non-pharmacological interventions in conjunction with the promotion of healthy lifestyle and dietary patterns may improve overall health status and reduce the risk of infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), as well as the potential adverse effects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
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Marijuana use among individuals who are pregnant or postpartum and living with HIV increased from 2007 to 2019, according to a Northwestern Medicine study published in JAMA Network Open. The findings mirror national trends of increased marijuana use following legalization of recreational and medical marijuana in several U.S. states, further underscoring the need for additional
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Thyroid hormone levels during pregnancy may predict preschool boys’ emotional and behavioral problems, according to a study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. Thyroid hormones are crucial for normal development of a baby’s brain and nervous system. During the first trimester-;the first three months of pregnancy-;a baby depends on its
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Researchers report that in communities where Medicaid is a more common source of insurance, providers of buprenorphine, an effective treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD), are much less likely to discriminate between Medicaid and privately insured prospective patients, but patients with either type of coverage still face many barriers to obtaining an initial appointment for
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Many adolescents and young adults diagnosed with cancer are experiencing high psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published in Psycho-Oncology. For the study, 805 individuals in Canada who were diagnosed with cancer between 15 and 39 years of age completed an online survey. High psychological distress was present in more than
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A new UCSF study that mapped the neural connections of newborns with two different kinds of brain injuries found the maps looked very different-;and were linked to significantly different developmental outcomes years later. The study, published today in PLOS ONE and led by UCSF pediatrics, neurology and radiology researchers, used diffusion MRI to visualize the
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Seven-year-old children performed better on a challenging task requiring sustained attention if their mothers consumed twice the recommended amount of choline during their pregnancy, a new Cornell study has found. The study, which compared these children with those whose mothers had consumed the recommended amount of choline, suggests that the recommended choline intake for expectant
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Columbia researchers found that babies born during the pandemic’s first year scored lower on a developmental screening test of social and motor skills at 6 months-;regardless of whether their mothers had COVID during pregnancy-;compared to babies born just before the pandemic. The study, which included 255 babies born at a NewYork-Presbyterian’s Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital
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Online learning poses additional challenges to children with chronic medical conditions or special education needs, and these patients could benefit from more support from pediatric clinicians to be academically successful, according to a new opinion piece in JAMA Pediatrics released today and co-written by researchers at Kennedy Krieger Institute and Johns Hopkins Medicine. Clinicians should
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In a recent study published in the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, researchers determined the characteristics and clinical outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children and adolescents 18 years or younger. Study: Characteristics and Clinical Outcomes of Children and Adolescents Aged <18 Years Hospitalized with
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In a recent study published on the medRxiv* preprint server, researchers used data from the real-time assessment of community transmission-1 (REACT-1) study to analyze the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) community prevalence, the effect of age and region on the infection, vaccine efficacy in children, booster vaccine effectiveness in adults, and the emergence
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Mechanical engineer and inventor Zach Lerner, assistant professor in Northern Arizona University’s Department of Mechanical Engineering, has been awarded $2.1 million by the National Institutes of Health’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development. This funding, Lerner’s largest grant as principal investigator to date, will enable him to launch a major,
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A once-a-day antiretroviral medicine that is low-cost and easy for children to take is also more effective at suppressing HIV than standard treatments, according to a global trial led by researchers at UCL. The study, published today in The New England Journal of Medicine, found that dolutegravir-based regimens, which are already widely used to treat
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The current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), has resulted in approximately 5.42 million deaths and over 286 million confirmed cases. The first instances of COVID-19 were reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, in December 2019, with the majority of those affected having worked in a seafood and animal
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