Children

Scientists at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) have identified two proteins that could be used for a potential vaccine against nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi). Working in a mouse model, the investigators found that administering two bacterial adhesive proteins that play a key role in helping the bacteria to latch on to respiratory cells and initiate
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As the world transitions from pandemic lockdowns, pediatric sleep experts have found some pluses of working from home, including more sleep for babies and less daytime drowsiness for parents. On the downside, a new study led by Flinders University published in Sleep Medicine warns that the COVID-19 pandemic also introduced some negative consequences for families
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Children whose parents regularly smoke or vape marijuana may experience viral respiratory infections, such as the common cold, more frequently than those whose parents do not smoke, according to a study published in the journal Pediatric Research. Researchers from Wake Forest School of Medicine and Children’s Hospital Colorado, USA surveyed 1,491 parents and caregivers who
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You hear the noises, but they don’t bother you at all”: Since 2019, the “Pengunaut Trainer” has been preparing children for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations through role play. The app was developed under the leadership of the University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE) and the Essen University Hospital (UK Essen). It can already be downloaded free
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Researchers in the United States have provided important insights into the antigen-specific cellular response and evolving humoral (antibody) response to messenger RNA- (mRNA) based vaccination against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) – the agent that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Using single-cell profiling technologies and machine learning analyses, the team identified and characterized
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The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and respiratory diseases are high-risk factors for severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). COVID-19, which is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a respiratory disease that has infected more than 195 million people worldwide and caused the deaths of over 4.18 million as of
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Canada should anticipate a resurgence of a childhood respiratory virus as COVID-19 physical distancing measures are relaxed, authors warn in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). Cases of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) have risen sharply in Australia and, more recently, the United States as COVID-19 case counts have waned and pandemic public health measures have been
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With the onset of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), scientists began an intensive effort to develop vaccines against the virus. These efforts were largely fueled by predictions that public health interventions would inevitably cripple the global economy if continued indefinitely. In the United States,
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Rising number of children have long-haul COVID, especially in Black and Latino communitiesPlay The vast majority of the pandemic’s 4.1 million covid infections in children have been mild. However, doctors are concerned about a growing number of long-haul covid cases and a rare but dangerous inflammatory disease, particularly among Black and Latino children. KHN correspondent
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Adolescents who set goals for their future and those with strong parental support are less likely to use e-cigarettes and other tobacco products, according to a study by UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh and University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine physician-scientists. The research, published today in the journal Pediatrics, suggests that strategies to prevent youth
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The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the agent that caused the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, has affected the USA both physically and economically. Typically mild or asymptomatic in children, it has caused sequelae such as the multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), which may set in after the virus has been cleared
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Most children with a mental health disorder are not receiving services to address their needs–according to a new study from researchers at Simon Fraser University’s Children’s Health Policy Centre. Their research was published this week in the journal Evidence-Based Mental Health. Researchers found that of the one in eight children (12.7 per cent) who experience
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New research shows that 3-year-old toddlers had lower blood pressure when they were breastfed as babies in comparison to ones that weren’t. Woman Breastfeeding. Image Credit: Kingspirit Image Room/Shutterstock.com Exploring cardiovascular disease risk factors in early childhood The development and onset of risk factors for medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease has remained elusive, but
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Chemotherapy has helped make acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) one of the most survivable childhood cancers. Now, researchers working in the U.S., Germany and China have shown how chemotherapy drugs called thiopurines can lead to mutations that set patients up for relapse. The work appears today in the journal Nature Cancer. The research provides the first
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As children made fewer visits to health facilities and engaged in social distancing and other COVID-19 mitigation measures, a smaller number of them also received prescription drugs, a new study suggests. Overall, medications prescribed for children dropped by more than a quarter during the first eight months of the pandemic compared to the previous year,
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A new study from Oregon State University found that infants born within 3 kilometers of oil and natural gas drilling facilities in Texas had slightly lower birthweights than those born before drilling began in their vicinity. The study, published today in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives, found that the type of drilling or resource being
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Evaluating the efficacy of novel therapies requires the ability to monitor wound progression accurately and reproducibly over time. Researchers have proposed a new scoring system for wound healing in mice based on parameters in each phase of healing, as described in an article in the peer-reviewed journal Stem Cells and Development. The parameters include re-epithelization,
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Parach Sirivichayakul, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, presented the poster “Preventing Approximal Caries in Primary Teeth With Topical Fluorides” at the virtual 99th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), held in conjunction with the 50th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR) and the 45th Annual Meeting
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