Children

Ochsner Medical Center – New Orleans, inclusive of Ochsner Medical Center- West Bank Campus and Ochsner Baptist, is the highest-rated maternity hospital in Louisiana, according to Best Hospital for Maternity ratings released today by U.S. News & World Report – the global authority on hospital ratings and consumer advice. Ochsner Medical Center (OMC) earned the
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Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is rapidly rising in incidence worldwide and affects up to one in six pregnant women. A new Primary Care Diabetes journal study relates this to a high body mass index (BMI) before the onset of pregnancy, coupled with exposure to different levels of particulate matter (PM) of a certain size. Study: Early pregnancy particulate
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Drug overdose deaths among pregnant and postpartum women increased more than 180 percent in the past five years, according to a new study conducted at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. The analysis also revealed that the number of pregnancy-associated overdose deaths reached a record high in 2020, likely exacerbated by social, economic, and
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A team of researchers from Nagoya University in central Japan investigated how restrictions on children’s activities during the COVID-19 pandemic affected their life habits and their abilities to perform physical activities. By comparing medical examination data before and after the onset of the pandemic, they found that physical functions among adolescents deteriorated, including their dynamic
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A new JAMA Network Open study determines the impact of wearing glasses on the risk of infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and other respiratory viruses. Study: Effect of Wearing Glasses on Risk of Infection With SARS-CoV-2 in the Community A Randomized Clinical Trial. Image Credit: dissx  Can eyeglasses prevent infection? The
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A new tool under development by University at Buffalo researchers could one day help clinicians better predict resistance to immunoglobulin therapy among children with Kawasaki disease in the United States. The new tool – described in a study published earlier this year in the Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics – lays the groundwork for
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Both medication and a specific form of talk therapy called cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) are proven evidence-based treatments for children and adolescents with anxiety disorders. But when CBT does not lead to improvement, do parents and their children opt to begin medication treatment? And what factors contribute to this decision? These were the questions researchers
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In a recent Biological Psychiatry: Global Open Science study, Stanford University researchers assess how stress and social disruptions caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic have affected the neurological development of young adults. Related Stories Study: Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health and Brain Maturation in Adolescents: Implications for Analyzing Longitudinal Data. Image
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New research shows promising results using neurotechnological approaches to treat depression in youth. The research, led by Simon Fraser University (SFU) professor Faranak Farzan, is published in the Journal of Affective Disorders Reports. Researchers investigated the clinical and neurophysiological effects of using brain stimulation followed by cognitive exercise for treating Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in
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The first few months and years of life are crucial to the development of the human immune system. This is an important phase as the immune system can define which diseases individuals might develop later in life. INITIALISE, a joint research project of ten universities, will study which environmental factors and mechanisms modify the human
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Children who are exposed to the Zika virus while in the womb, but who are not subsequently diagnosed with Zika-related birth defects and congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), may still display differences in some aspects of cognitive development, mood and mobility compared to unexposed children, reports a study published in Pediatric Research. These findings suggest that
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In a recent study published in Pediatric Research, researchers assessed the neurodevelopment in preschool-aged Zika-exposed children without congenital Zika syndrome. Study: Preschool neurodevelopment in Zika virus-exposed children without congenital Zika syndrome. Image Credit: Kateryna Kon/Shutterstock Children exposed to the Zika virus (ZIKV) during gestation at the time of the ZIKV pandemic have aged to early childhood.
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Research published in the New England Journal of Medicine has shown that a computerized program enhanced with driving simulation training with feedback lowers the risk of car crashes for teenagers with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Annie Artiga Garner, Ph.D., associate professor of psychology at Saint Louis University, is a co-investigator in the study, which
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Researchers have long been working on how to treat obesity, a serious condition that can lead to hypertension, diabetes, chronic inflammation, and cardiovascular diseases. Studies have also revealed a strong correlation of obesity and cancer–recent data show that smoking, drinking alcohol, and obesity are the biggest contributors to cancer worldwide. The development of fat cells,
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A prospective, randomized, open-level clinical trial demonstrates that gargling with povidone-iodine accelerates viral clearance and reduces saliva infectivity in patients with asymptomatic or mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The trial findings have been published in the journal Scientific Reports. Study: A prospective, randomized, open-label trial of early versus late povidone-iodine gargling in patients with COVID-19.
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Thought LeadersAnne AslettChief Executive Officerthe Elton John AIDS Foundation  To commemorate World AIDS Day, News Medical spoke to Anne Aslett, Chief Executive Officer of the Elton John AIDS Foundation, about the work of the foundation and the actions required to address inequalities and help end AIDS.  Please can you introduce yourself and tell us about your professional
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A new study links a gene concentrated in the brain’s cleanup cells, known as microglia, to the inflammation that has increasingly emerged as a key mechanism contributing to Alzheimer’s disease. The findings may offer a new potential target for therapies for the intractable condition. The gene, known as inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase D (INPP5D), is the subject
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The physical and emotional harm caused by commercial sexual exploitation and trafficking of children and youth has been well documented but there is little research looking at preventative measures to help protect those at risk. Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have received a five-year grant totaling $1.8 million from the Centers for Disease
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In a recent study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), researchers reported that pandemic fatigue impeded the mitigation of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Hong Kong. Study: Pandemic fatigue impedes mitigation of COVID-19 in Hong Kong. Image Credit: myboys.me / Shutterstock.com Background Related Stories The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted public
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A large number of health-related benefits of probiotics have led to the development of a new discipline called probiogenomics, which focuses on the molecular mechanisms of probiotic activities. According to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the next-generation probiotics satisfy the scope of “live biotherapeutic products” (LBPs), which could be used to develop effective
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In a recent BMC Medicine journal study, researchers estimate the age-varying susceptibility to infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant. To this end, an updated version of a previously described model with recent vaccine coverage data and waning vaccine effectiveness (VE) against the Omicron infection was used to estimate susceptibility to
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