Diabetes

A team led by scientists from Cambridge University has developed less intensive strategies for controlling type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes affects 400 million people globally. It carries the risk of heart disease, stroke, blindness, and amputations. Several measures previously described to control diabetes involved intensive lifestyle modifications and an extreme reduction in dietary calories.
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Toe numbness is a sign that something is interfering with normal feeling in the toes. Some cases are mild and go away on their own, but others may last longer or come and go. Numbness can feel different to different people. The sensation may also vary, depending on what is causing it. When a person
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If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. Cardamom is a spice that people have used for centuries both in cooking and as a medicine. Originally a common ingredient in Middle Eastern and Arabic foods, cardamom has also gained popularity in the west. Cardamom
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Diabetes can accelerate the development of atherosclerosis, a condition in which the arteries harden. According to a new study in mouse models, increasing the levels of some forms of cholesterol could help treat this condition. New research suggests that increasing levels of better quality ‘good’ cholesterol could make all the difference in fighting atherosclerosis. Research
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Taurine is an organic compound known as an amino acid. Amino acids are the protein building blocks of the human body. Some experts believe taurine has health benefits, but researchers need to carry out more studies to confirm these claims. Today, manufacturers add taurine to infant formula, nutritional supplements, and energy drinks. Taurine also occurs
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Itchy skin, or pruritus, is a common condition that can affect any part of the body. Many factors can cause itchy legs, including skin conditions, diabetes, or allergic reactions. Typically, itchiness in the legs does not indicate a serious health problem. However, understanding what is causing the itch can help a person find relief, and
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It is common to feel burning legs during exercise, or because of sunburn. Other medical conditions can cause nerve damage, which may lead to a burning sensation. Burning legs can be difficult to describe to a doctor. A person may feel a sensation of heat, tingling, or numbness. The feeling may be in one leg,
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Hyperinsulinemia, where the body contains too much insulin, is a condition with links to insulin resistance and diabetes. Though hyperinsulinemia can relate to type 2 diabetes, it is not the same condition. Hyperinsulinemia is usually the result of insulin resistance. This article provides an overview of hyperinsulinemia, including its causes, links between insulin resistance and
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FDA warning: Thyroid cancer This drug has a boxed warning. This is the most serious warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A boxed warning alerts doctors and patients about drug effects that may be dangerous. In animals, Bydureon can increase the risk of thyroid tumors and thyroid cancer. It’s not known if Bydureon
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FDA warning: Thyroid cancer This drug has a boxed warning. This is the most serious warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A boxed warning alerts doctors and patients about drug effects that may be dangerous. In animals, Ozempic can increase the risk of thyroid tumors. It’s not known if Ozempic has this effect
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FDA warning: Risk of lower limb amputation This drug has a boxed warning. This is the most serious warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A boxed warning alerts doctors and patients about drug effects that may be dangerous. Some people taking Invokana may have an increased risk for the amputation of a lower
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What is Farxiga? Farxiga is a brand-name prescription medication that contains the drug dapagliflozin. Farxiga is used to improve blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes. It comes as a tablet you take by mouth. Farxiga belongs to a class of medications called sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors. In clinical studies, Farxiga decreased
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The body takes in fat from food and stores it. This stored fat protects the organs, provides energy, and helps keep the body insulated. However, too much body fat can lead to obesity and other chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease. The conventional body mass index (BMI) only measures total body
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The ketogenic, or keto, and Atkins diets are two popular eating plans that restrict carbohydrate intake with the aim of promoting weight loss and improving overall health. The recommended daily intake of carbohydrates for adults is about 200–300 grams (g) per day. The keto and Atkins diets both involve a significant reduction in carbohydrate consumption,
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Regular insulin is a short acting, synthetic form of the hormone. The body uses insulin to process sugar that enters the bloodstream as part of the digestive process. In a person without diabetes, the pancreas creates enough insulin to move the sugar, called glucose, from the blood into cells that use it for energy. However,
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New research from Germany has found that taller people have a lower risk of type 2 diabetes. Height may influence people’s diabetes risk, new research suggests. For every 10 centimeters (cms) of additional height, there was a 41% reduced risk of type 2 diabetes in males and 33% in females, according to the recent Diabetologia
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Some people believe that breakfast is the most important meal of the day and that eating breakfast increases weight loss. But is this true? And, if so, which are the best breakfast foods for weight loss? There is little evidence to support the idea that eating breakfast can increase weight loss. Breakfast is just another
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Providing people with a safe way to manage their own care could be an effective solution to the healthcare burden of long term conditions. According to researchers in China, this could come in the form of text messages. Motivational text messages could help people living with diabetes better manage their condition. Researchers have found that
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Although people tend to accept that fruits and vegetables are healthful options, other food groups, such as dairy, spark more discussion and seem to have conflicting recommendations. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Choose My Plate recommendations state that adults should consume 3 servings of dairy products per day. Children should consume around 2
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