Mental Health

Dopamine and serotonin are chemical messengers, or neurotransmitters, that help regulate many bodily functions. They have roles in sleep and memory, as well as metabolism and emotional well-being. People sometimes refer to dopamine and serotonin as the “happy hormones” due to the roles they play in regulating mood and emotion. They are also involved in
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FDA warning: Severe sedation and loss of consciousness This drug has a boxed warning. A boxed warning is the most serious warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It alerts doctors and patients about drug effects that may be dangerous. Zulresso can cause severe sedation, with symptoms such as sleepiness, trouble thinking clearly, and
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After assessing numerous specialist studies, a new review concludes that exercise can help to both prevent depression and treat its symptoms. However, current treatments for depression often fail to include this lifestyle adjustment, despite the strong evidence. A new review of the specialist literature emphasizes the need to add exercise to recommendations for the treatment
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Although there is evidence that exercise can boost mental health, scientists know less about whether physical fitness can prevent the onset of mental health conditions. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis take a closer look. Can physical fitness protect against mental health conditions? Common mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety, are a growing
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While most people have accidentally bitten the inside of their cheek before, some people bite their cheek compulsively over a long period. Chronic cheek biting is a body-focused repetitive behavior that has an association with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Cheek biting and the biting of other areas in the mouth affect 750 out of every 1 million
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Pathological liars tell compulsive lies without a clear motive. This type of lying is different than nonpathological lying, where the lie is often beneficial in some way. Lying is a common feature of social interactions among humans. This behavior even occurs in some animals, such as monkeys. Lies often lead to some benefit. For example,
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A new technique has recently been developed at The University of Waterloo, which will hopefully allow doctors to detect autism more effectively. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects approximately 2% of the population. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder involving limitations in social communications and repetitive behaviours. Those with ASD also display attention biases during social interactions,
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A study has shown that hearing loss can have physical, mental, and social impairments in older adults. The gradual onset of hearing impairment, or presbycusis, occurs naturally with age. As humans, speaking and listening are one of our fundamental forms of communication and experiencing difficulty with hearing can lead older adults to feelings of depression,
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People may pick their skin occasionally. For example, they might itch a scab or pop a pimple. However, occasional skin picking can develop into a chronic behavior called skin picking disorder, or excoriation disorder. The exact cause of skin picking disorder remains unknown. That said, it may develop alongside other health conditions, such as obsessive-compulsive
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Nitrous oxide is a colorless, odorless gas that can reduce anxiety during dental procedures. Other healthcare providers may also use nitrous oxide for pain and as a mild sedative. People often refer to nitrous oxide as laughing gas. Nitrous oxide slows down a person’s reaction time and causes a feeling of euphoria. Once a person
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Monogamy is still very much the norm in today’s societies, but different types of romantic relationships are gaining ground. For this Spotlight feature, we have spoken to some polyamorous people and asked: What is fact and what is fiction about polyamorous relationships? What is polyamory, really? In this Spotlight feature, we investigate. In most societies
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The therapeutic activity of Prozac (Fluoxetine), a widely used anti-depressant, includes more than changes in serotonin levels, study shows. Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a chemical produced in the brain and intestines. It is a neurotransmitter that transmits chemical messages between different parts of the brain. Serotonin is thought to regulate mood, appetite, and sleep,
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Can participating in a local food cooperative improve mental health? Researchers investigated the mental health benefits of local food projects. Worldwide, mental health disorders affect one in four people during their lifetime Due to the associated stigma, almost 66% of those who suffer from mental illness never seek treatment. Researchers have previously identified a link
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