The Supreme Court on Friday is poised to hear oral arguments in two cases challenging the Biden administration’s Covid vaccination and testing requirements for private businesses and health-care workers.
Arguments are set to start at 10 a.m. ET.
The debate, which centers on whether the federal government has the authority to enforce the sweeping public health requirements, arrives at the high court as the worldwide pandemic enters its third year.
The rules’ challengers include business associations, Republican-led states and religious groups.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s rule, which requires workers to get vaccinated or be tested for Covid on a weekly basis, applies to companies with 100 or more employees. The rule from the Department of Health and Human Services would require vaccination for health-care workers in facilities that treat Medicare and Medicaid patients.
The two mandates cover roughly two-thirds of all U.S. workers — about 100 million Americans, according to the White House.
President Joe Biden issued the mandates in early November, weeks before the first detection of the highly transmissible omicron variant drove infection rates to staggering new highs around the country.
Days later, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit blocked the mandate for businesses from taking effect, with a three-judge panel ruling that its requirements were “staggeringly overbroad.”
But another federal appeals court reinstated the rule in December, ruling that OSHA has historically had wide latitude to enact safety measures, highlighting the danger to workers posed by the pandemic.
Early data suggest omicron infections tend to be less severe than prior iterations of the coronavirus, though vaccination remains an effective defense against hospitalization and death from Covid, health experts say.
All nine justices of the Supreme Court have been vaccinated against Covid, and all have received booster shots. The court has heard arguments remotely for much of the pandemic, livestreaming audio of the proceedings for the first time in its history. They returned to in-person arguments last October, while keeping the building closed to the public and implementing other pandemic-related safety measures.
This is a developing story. Check back for updates.